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Aberrant DNA Methylation of SOCS1 Gene is Not Associated with Resistance to Imatinib Mesylate among Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Marjanu Hikmah Elias, Husin Azlan, Abdul Aziz Baba and Ravindran Ankathil*   Pages 234 - 238 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: In exploring the cause of Imatinib Mesylate (IM) resistance among Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) patients who do not harbor BCR-ABL dependent mechanism, BCR-ABL independent pathways are the most probable pathways that should be explored. In BCR-ABL independent pathway, SOCS1 plays an important role as it helps in regulating optimal JAK/STAT activity.

Objective: To identify the association of SOCS1 gene hypermethylation in mediating IM Resistance.

Method: The SOCS1 promoter methylation level of 92 BCR-ABL non mutated IM resistant CML patients, 83 IM good response CML patients and 5 normal samples from healthy individuals were measured using Methylation Specific-High Resolution Melt (MS-HRM) analysis.

Results: Both primers used to amplify promoter region from -333 to -223 and from -332 to -188 showed less than 10% methylation in all CML and normal samples. Consequently, there was no significant difference in SOCS1 promoter methylation level between IM resistant and IM good response patients.

Conclusion: SOCS1 promoter methylation level is not suitable to be used as one of the biomarkers for predicting the possibility of acquiring resistance among CML patients treated with IM.

Keywords:

Chronic myeloid leukemia, imatinib mesylate, methylation, high resolution melt analysis, cytokine signaling tumour.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam, Haemato-Oncology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, International Medical University, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM Pinang, Human Genome Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM Pinang

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