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Thrombotic Events in Homozygotes with a Proven or Highly Probable Arg304Gln Factor VII Mutation (FVII Padua)1): Only Limited Replacement Therapy is Needed in Case of Surgery

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Antonio Girolami*, Elisabetta Cosi , Silvia Ferrari , Bruno Girolami and Maria L. Randi   Pages 233 - 238 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Objective: To investigate the prevalence of thrombotic events among patients with proven or highly probable homozygosis for the Arg304Gln (Factor VII Padua) defect or compound heterozygosis containing the Arg304Gln mutation.

Methods: Homozygotes and compound heterozygotes proven by molecular studies to have the Arg304Gln mutation were gathered from personal files and from two PubMed searches. In addition, patients with probable homozygosis on the basis of clotting tests (discrepancies among Factor VII activity levels according to the tissue thromboplastin used) were also gathered.

Results: 30 proven homozygotes and 17 probable ones were gathered together with 8 compound heterozygotes. In the latter use, the associated mutation was Cys135Arg (twice), Gly180Arg, Arg304Trp, Arg315Trp, His348Gln, Gly365Cys. The prevalence of venous thrombotic events was 16.6, 11.8 and 11.1 percent, respectively for the three groups of patients. Heterozygotes showed no thrombotic event. The difference for proven homozygotes was statistically significant, while for the other groups only a trend was present.

Conclusion: proven homozygous or compound heterozygous patients with the Arg304Gln mutation showed a higher than expected incidence of thrombotic events. The same is true for probable cases gathered only on the basis of clotting tests. These patients, because of their frequent lack of bleeding and for their relatively high prevalence of thrombosis should probably receive only limited replacement therapy in case of surgical procedures.

Keywords:

Factor VII, deficiency, bleeding, thrombosis, mutation, sonography.

Affiliation:

Department of Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Department of Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Department of Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Division of Medicine, Padua City Hospital, Padua, Department of Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Padua

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