Hassan Mansouritorghabeh* and Seyedeh T. Mohades Pages 185 - 190 ( 6 )
Objective: Development of inhibitors in hemophilia A and B comprise significant challenge for patients, hematologists, and health provider systems. It has recommended by the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) to check inhibitors every 3-4 months. The incidence of inhibitor in hemophilia B is lower than hemophilia A. Here, it tried to unravel whether the detection of inhibitors in hemophilia B neglected compared to hemophilia A or not?
Methods: A comprehensive review carried out using six international and local medical search engines on published contributions about inhibitors in hemophilia A and B in Iran.
Results: From 699 titles, 12 relevant papers were selected. The mean of factor VIII inhibitors in hemophilia A was 14.8%. The mean of factor IX inhibitors in hemophilia B was 6%. The minimum and maximum reported percentages of factor VIII inhibitors were 4% and 19.6%, while the minimum and maximum of reported percentages of factor IX inhibitors were 0% and 11.8%, respectively. The inhibitors in hemophilia A had reported in 6 papers. One paper had covered the inhibitors in hemophilia B. There were five papers on inhibitors in both hemophilia A and B. The comparison between the reported patients showed that 3020 patients with hemophilia A and 314 patients with hemophilia B had studied.
Conclusion: Consistent with the lower frequency of hemophilia B and the lower development of inhibitors in hemophilia B compared to hemophilia A, it was concluded that hemophilia B had not neglected in Iran. It seems to be rational that each country, check rates of detection of inhibitors in hemophilia B to identify whether it has neglected or not.
Hemophilia A, hemophilia B, factor VIII inhibitors, factor IX inhibitors, quality of life, lyophilized coagulation.
Immunology Research Center, Inflammation and Inflammatory Diseases Division, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Hematology, Razavi Hospital, Mashhad